High blood pressure is the pressure of the blood against the wall of arteries, which are the vessels that supply blood from the heart to the each part of a body. High blood pressure is medically known as Hypertension. Probably the hypertension is known as “Silent killer” because it doesn’t show any initial symptom of any kind.
Nowadays, hypertension is often public health problem. According to American Heart Association, In United States, High blood pressure affects 1 in 3 adults over 20. Hypertension does not have any kind of initial symptoms, but it can lead major problems or long term diseases, Such as stroke, heart failure, eye damage, heart attack, and kidney failure.
The heart pumps blood into the arteries with sufficient force to push blood that it could reach to each and every organ of the body. Blood pressure is high as it leaves the heart through the aorta and then it slowly decreases as it enters the smaller blood vessels like (arteries, arterioles, and capillaries).
The systolic blood pressure (the top numbers) and the diastolic blood pressure (the bottom numbers) are the readings of blood pressure. In a healthy human, the normal blood pressure is below 120/80. If the blood pressure is between 120/80 to 139/89, then it is known as “pre-hypertension”. If the blood pressure is 140/90 or it’s above, then it is considered as high blood pressure. The high blood pressure can also destroy the walls of arteries.
Symptoms of High blood pressure:
As earlier said, High blood pressure does not have kind of symptoms, because of this it is known as “Silent Killer”. But some people with Hypertension experience few symptoms such as,
- Feeling of pulsation in the neck or head.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Chest pain.
- Vision problem.
- Blood in the urine.
Treatments of High blood pressure:
Hypertension caused by multifactorial, because many factors whose combined effects may produce high blood pressure in the blood, so there are many different treatments are available for hypertension.
- Lifestyle modifications:
- Losing weight
- Daily exercise
- Prevent alcohol.
- Avoid smoking.
- Eat a low-fat diet.